This image shows that there were 1,542,900 people employed as Managers as at November 2017, up 0.2% since November 2016 and 8.3% since November 2012. Employment is projected to grow by 7.8% over the five years to May 2022.
32% of jobs are regional (down 3 percentage points over 5 years).
37% of workers are female (up 3 percentage point over 5 years).
72% of workers hold post-school qualifications (up 6 percentage points over 5 years).
14% of jobs are part-time (up 1 percentage point over 5 years).
14% of jobs are part-time (up 1 percentage point over 5 years).

Top 5 Manager Occupations

Top 5 Manager Occupations
Occupation Number
Retail Managers 237,700
Advertising, Public Relations and Sales Managers 128,500
Construction Managers 102,300
Livestock Farmers 77,500
Cafe and Restaurant Managers 74,600

Managers plan, organise, control and coordinate the operations of government, commercial and other organisations. This is a relatively skilled group, as Managers generally hold senior positions, taking responsibility for staff and operations. Consequently, qualifications and experience are usually required, although sometimes significant on-the-job experience is enough.

The majority of Managers hold post-school qualifications, with 37% having a bachelor degree or higher and 30% holding vocational qualifications at the certificate III or higher level. Farmers and Farm Managers and Hospitality, Retail and Service Managers are less likely than other Managers to have post-school qualifications.

The need for significant workplace experience is reflected in the age profile of the workforce. Half of all Managers are aged 45 years or older and just 4% are aged 15 to 24 years (although 8% of Hospitality, Retail and Service Managers are in this age group).

Managers employment growth was slightly below the all occupations average over the past five years. Around 118,200 new Manager jobs were created, with the largest numbers being for Construction Managers (up by 33,500), Café and Restaurant Managers (17,000), Retail Managers (16,800) and ICT Managers (13,900).

The number of vacancies advertised on the Internet for Managers has increased steadily since 2013 but remains below the peak in 2008. Vacancies, though, are not always advertised online. Some are filled by the promotion of existing workers, some are advertised in other ways and many are filled by word of mouth or head hunting.

Did you know?
Managers is the most likely occupation group to work from home (10% in 2016 Census)

Educational attainment, Managers (%)

Shows the educational attainment profile of the Managers workforce.  Bachelor degree or higher 37%. Certificate III or higher VET qualification 30%. Other qualification 5%. No post-school qualification 28%.

Age profile, Managers (%)

Shows the age profile of the Managers workforce. 4% aged 15 to 24 years. 19% aged 25 to 34 years. 26% aged 35 to 44 years. 27% aged 45 to 54 years. 24% aged 55 years or older.

Managers tend to work full-time (just 14% are employed part-time) and almost two thirds are male.

Managers work in every industry, but the largest share is in Retail Trade (13%). Other major employing industries include Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (10%), Accommodation and Food Services (10%) and Manufacturing (9%).

Some Manager occupations are concentrated in specific industries. For example, Farmers and Farm Managers work almost exclusively in the Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing sector and Café and Restaurant Managers are mainly employed in Accommodation and Food Services. For other Manager occupations, such as General Managers and Human Resource Managers, employment is spread widely across all industries.

Mangers often perform a range of non-routine, cognitive duties (such as problem solving) which are less susceptible to automation with technology. Employment of these workers is projected to grow by 7.8% over the five years to May 2022 (in line with the projected growth across all occupations).

Employment, Managers (‘000)

This line chart shows the number of people employed in the Managers occupation group over the period from November 1997 to November 2017. The chart shows employment increased steadily over this period to 1,542,900 in November 2017.

Employment by occupation subgroup, Managers

Employment by occupation subgroup, Managers
  Employment Employment Profile Workforce Educational Profile Projected Employment
  Employ’t Nov 2017 5 year change
to Nov 2017
Part-time Female Aged 15 to 24 years Aged 55 years or older Bachelor degree or higher Cert III or higher VET qual No post-school qual 5 year change to May 2022
Occupation subgroup ‘000 ‘000 % % % % % % % % %
Chief Executives, General Managers and Legislators 85.3 -37.0 -30.3 11 30 1 30 51 26 19 0.8
Farmers and Farm Managers 161.8 4.7 3.0 21 25 3 51 11 27 54 -11.0
Specialist Managers 749.2 101.0 15.6 10 35 2 20 49 30 18 12.0
Hospitality, Retail and Service Managers 543.4 70.9 15.0 17 46 8 20 22 33 38 9.0
All Managers1 1,542.9 118.2 8.3 14 37 4 24 37 30 28 7.8

1. Some data are trend and, for these, totals do not add

Sources: ABS, Labour Force (trend and annual averages of original data); ABS, Census of Population and Housing; ABS, Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations; Department of Jobs and Small Business, Occupation Employment Projections; Department of Jobs and Small Business, Internet Vacancy Index

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